Construction machinery is an important part of the equipment industry. In a nutshell, the mechanical equipment necessary for comprehensive mechanized construction projects required for earth and stone construction projects, road construction and maintenance, mobile hoisting and loading and unloading operations, and various construction projects are called engineering machinery.
It is mainly used in national defense construction projects, transportation construction, energy industry construction and production, mining and other raw material industry construction and production, agriculture, forestry and water conservancy construction, industrial and civil construction, urban construction, environmental protection, and other fields.
In countries around the world, the names of this industry are basically the same. The United States and the United Kingdom are called construction machinery and equipment, Germany is called construction machinery and equipment, Russia is called construction and road construction machinery, and Japan is called construction machinery. In China, some products are also called construction machinery, and when the machinery system was established in accordance with the State Council’s approval of the industry, they are collectively referred to as construction machinery. Countries have roughly the same product range for this industry. Compared with other countries, China’s construction machinery has also added railway line construction machinery, forklifts, and industrial handling vehicles, decoration machinery, elevators, pneumatic tools, and other industries.
Construction machinery classification
The product range of China’s construction machinery industry is mainly 18 categories of products, including excavating machinery, shoveling and transporting machinery, construction hoisting machinery, industrial vehicles, compaction machinery, piling machinery, concrete machinery, steel and prestressing machinery, decoration machinery, Rock drilling machinery, pneumatic tools, railway route machinery, military engineering machinery, elevators and escalators, special parts for engineering machinery, etc.
Ordinary heavy industry construction machinery
①Excavating machinery such as single bucket excavators (which can be divided into crawler excavators and wheeled excavators), multi-bucket excavators (also can be divided into bucket wheel excavators and chain bucket excavators), multi-bucket trenching excavators Machine (also can be divided into bucket wheel trencher and bucket chain trencher), rolling excavator, milling excavator, tunnel boring machine (including shield machinery), etc.
②Shovel transportation machinery such as bulldozers (which can be further divided into tire bulldozers and crawler bulldozers), scrapers (which can be further divided into crawler self-propelled scrapers, tire self-propelled scrapers and drag scrapers), Loaders (also can be divided into tire loaders and crawler loaders, graders (also can be divided into self-propelled graders and drag graders), transport vehicles (also can be divided into single-axle transport vehicles and double-axle traction Transport vehicles), flatbed trucks and dump trucks.
③ Lifting machinery such as tower cranes, self-propelled cranes, mast cranes, grab cranes, etc.
④ Compaction machinery such as tire rollers, smooth wheel rollers, single foot rollers, vibratory rollers, compactors, tamping machines, etc.
⑤Piling machinery such as drilling machine, diesel pile driver, vibratory pile driver, breaker, etc.
⑥Reinforced concrete machinery such as concrete mixer, concrete mixing plant, concrete mixing tower, concrete pump, concrete mixing truck, concrete sprayer, concrete vibrator, steel bar processing machinery, etc.
⑦Road machinery Such as levelling machine, ballast cleaning machine, etc.
⑧ Rock drilling machinery such as rock drilling rigs, pneumatic rock drills, electric rock drills, internal combustion rock drills and down-the-hole rock drills.
⑨ Other construction machinery such as bridge erecting machine, pneumatic tools (pneumatic tools), etc.